CN 11-5366/S     ISSN 1673-1530
引用本文: 周聪惠,陶成蹊,刘婧方,安一欢.基于弹性共享的户外健身设施群体需求响应评测研究[J].风景园林,2024,31(2):48-55.
ZHOU C H, TAO C X, LIU J F, AN Y H. Evaluation on Demand Responsiveness of Flexibly-Shared Outdoor Fitness Facilities[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(2): 48-55.
Citation: ZHOU C H, TAO C X, LIU J F, AN Y H. Evaluation on Demand Responsiveness of Flexibly-Shared Outdoor Fitness Facilities[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(2): 48-55.


Evaluation on Demand Responsiveness of Flexibly-Shared Outdoor Fitness Facilities

  • 摘要:
    目的 城市建成环境限制了大型户外健身设施的建设,而相对灵活的大量小微型户外健身设施与公共空间融合发展,展现出显著的弹性共享服务特征。有效识别户外健身设施服务短板可为户外健身设施精准优化提供依据。
    方法 以南京市老城区为例,通过建立细粒度群体需求量化方法和设施服务模块化分解方法,打通多元群体需求与设施服务弹性间的关联分析路径,对设施服务功能进行模块化处理,量化户外健身设施的弹性服务能力,同时基于多源数据,建立一套能反映不同群体户外健身设施的需求响应状态评价工具。
    结果 场地类设施具有相对较高的弹性共享度,可作为优先发展的设施类型;步道类设施建设门槛和成本均相对较低,尤其能够提升老年群体的需求响应水平;老年群体需求响应指数最高,儿童群体相对最低,是后续规划需重点关注的对象。
    结论 在传统可达性分析的基础上改变了居民需求与设施服务固化的供需评测模式,后续可结合设施质量、规模、多样性等指标,为城市户外健身设施规划提供有效的工具借鉴。


    Objective This research focuses on the outdoor fitness facilities within complex urban landscapes. These amenities, characterized by low construction costs, high accessibility, and flexible forms, have become crucial in dense urban areas where space constraints limit large outdoor fitness facilities. The small-scale outdoor fitness facilities often blended with urban green spaces like parks, street greenery, waterfront green corridors, and greenways. The research aims to establish an evaluation tool that accurately reflects the supply and demand response status of outdoor fitness facilities across diverse groups, thereby laying a foundation for the diagnosis and precise optimization of supply and demand issues pertaining to outdoor fitness facilities in complex built environments.
    Methods To effectively pinpoint the service shortcomings of outdoor fitness facilities and provide a foundation for precise enhancement, this research modularizes the service functions of these facilities and quantifies their resilience. Based on multi-source data, the research establishes a comprehensive set of evaluation tools that can simultaneously reflect the supply and demand response status of outdoor fitness facilities for diverse groups. This approach may facilitate the analysis of the correlation between the demands of multiple user groups and the elasticity of facility services. The research takes the old urban area of Nanjing as an example to demonstrate what mentioned above.
    Results The research reveals that venue type facilities demonstrate relatively high elasticity and sharing capability, with their average service capability being the highest among all facility types. The concentration of such facilities significantly enhances the demand response index of various groups in surrounding areas, making these facilities a priority for development under suitable land conditions. Although footpath type facilities have a smaller average number of service modules, they boast high capacity and can provide fundamental services to satisfy the outdoor fitness demands of residents in high-density environments. Their installation is particularly beneficial in improving the demand response level for the elderly population. These facilities can be integrated with the development of linear open spaces, such as existing urban roads and water systems, which are advantageous in low construction thresholds and costs. The research also finds that young adults, despite fewer restrictions, have a higher population ratio compared to children and the elderly. This demographic factor makes it challenging for them to attain high-level demand response, which explains why the demand response level of young adults in most neighborhoods and living areas is maintained at a moderately low level in the evaluation results. Based on the evaluation of the old urban area of Nanjing, the optimization of lots and corresponding strategies can be divided into three scenarios as follows. 1) In lots with a serious shortage of facilities and low demand response indexes for the three groups, the introduction of footpath type facilities should be prioritized to address the lack of outdoor fitness opportunities and balance various facility types to provide diverse and equitable outdoor fitness options for all age groups. 2) In lots with moderate facility accessibility but insufficient response to the demands of specific groups, the introduction of outdoor fitness facilities tailored for these groups can simultaneously enhance both the accessibility of the facilities and the fairness of service provision. 3) In lots with high facility accessibility but notably poor response to the demands of specific groups, targeted renovation and optimization of existing outdoor fitness facilities, such as replacing or adding service modules, can be employed to increase fitness opportunities for these groups in a specific manner, thereby optimizing the fairness in the distribution of fitness resources.
    Conclusion This research effectively establishes a comprehensive link between the supply and demand aspects of outdoor fitness facilities, playing a pivotal role in identifying service deficiencies and facilitating precise optimization strategies. By doing so, it may contribute significantly to the planning and development of future outdoor fitness facilities in urban areas. However, it is crucial to acknowledge that the demand response index evaluation, although insightful, represents only one facet of the complex dynamics of facility allocation. To develop a more holistic and effective planning strategy, it is essential to supplement this evaluation with a range of other indicators. These should include but are not limited to factors such as accessibility, which determines how easily different groups can reach these facilities; facility quality, which affects user satisfaction and safety; scale, which ensures that facilities can accommodate the volume of users; diversity, which reflects the variety of activities that can be conducted; and environmental impact considerations, which are increasingly vital in sustainable urban development. By incorporating these additional factors, a more comprehensive and nuanced understanding of the state of facility allocation can be achieved. Ultimately, such a multi-faceted strategy will contribute to the creation of more vibrant, healthy and inclusive urban communities.