CN 11-5366/S     ISSN 1673-1530
“风景园林,不只是一本期刊。”
王志芳,白竹惠.确保设计研究有用的核心之一:“设计参数”与研究调参路径[J].风景园林,2024,31(8):22-27.
引用本文: 王志芳,白竹惠.确保设计研究有用的核心之一:“设计参数”与研究调参路径[J].风景园林,2024,31(8):22-27.
WANG Z F, BAI Z H. One of the Core Leverages to Ensure the Applicability of Design Research: Design Parameters and Paths for Adjusting Design Parameters Through Research[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(8): 22-27.
Citation: WANG Z F, BAI Z H. One of the Core Leverages to Ensure the Applicability of Design Research: Design Parameters and Paths for Adjusting Design Parameters Through Research[J]. Landscape Architecture, 2024, 31(8): 22-27.

确保设计研究有用的核心之一:“设计参数”与研究调参路径

One of the Core Leverages to Ensure the Applicability of Design Research: Design Parameters and Paths for Adjusting Design Parameters Through Research

  • 摘要:
    目的 通过揭示景观设计实践与科研的错位,强调设计参数的重要性并提出“通过研究调整设计参数”(简称研究调参)策略及可行路径,从而确保研究对设计实践有用,以应对日趋复杂和综合的景观设计需求。
    方法/过程 首先,明晰设计参数的定义和分类;其次,针对设计参数的系统化研究思维,阐释研究调参的基本逻辑及具体路径。
    结果/结论 研究调参是设计研究的核心抓手之一,其关键在于将设计参数转化为研究假设和自变量,设计参数可分为理念模式和物质环境两类。提出4种研究调参的路径:针对现在的“理念模式对比”和“物质环境差异”,以及针对未来的“理念模式情景”和“物质环境调参”。通过延展研究内容和实践重点,将研究调参的可行路径拓展至8种,进而促使设计研究区别于其他专业的研究,确保设计研究的实用性,更好地推动寻解研究以及循证设计。

     

    Abstract:
    Objective By elucidating the gaps between landscape design practice and research, this paper underscores the significance of design parameters and propose methodologies and viable paths for “adjusting design parameters through research” (ADR). The ultimate goal is to ensure the applicability of research in design practice to cope with the increasingly complex and comprehensive landscape design needs.
    Methods/process  The definition and classification of design parameters are elucidated first. The basic logic and specific paths for ADR are introduced in the light of the systematic research thinking of design parameters.
    Results/conclusion  Design parameter is one of the core leverages of design research, of which the key lies in the transformation of design parameters into research hypotheses and independent variables. The design parameters can be classified into two categories: Conceptual models and physical environments. There are primarily four paths for ADR: “comparison of conceptual models” and “differences between physical environments” for the present, and “scenarios of conceptual models” and “parameter adjustment for physical environments” for the future. By expanding the content of research and the focus of practice, the number of possible paths for ADR can be expanded to eight, thus differentiating design research from research in other disciplines, ensuring the practicality of design research, and better promoting solution-seeking research as well as evidence-based design.

     

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